Overview of the Insurance Sector
There were nineteen registered insurance companies as at December 31, 2019. However, only seventeen were operational. Life insurance companies continued their dominance within the insurance sector, accounting for 80 per cent of the sector’s total assets while the general insurance companies accounted for 20 per cent as at end-December 2019.
As shown in Table 1, invested assets for the life insurance companies grew by 4.1 per cent to $310.4 billion as at December 31, 2019 from the $298.1 billion as at December 31, 2018. Aggregate total assets also increased by 6.5 per cent to $344.2 billion as at December 31, 2019. Combined capital, surplus and reserves increased by 18.0 per cent over the amount seen at the end of December 2018 to $108.3 billion. Growth in retained earnings contributed to the improvement in capital.
For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, total revenue for the industry was $103.2 billion (December 2018: $93.0 billion) as all three elements (net premium earned, net investment income and other income) of total revenue grew over the corresponding period in 2018. Table 1 shows that net premiums earned rose by 13.4 per cent, net investment income climbed by 4 per cent and other income increased by 18.2 per cent. The improvement in other income was due to higher earnings obtained from other business activities such as management of segregated funds as well as pension administration and investment.
For the reporting period, combined total expenses including taxes amounted to $78.6 billion (December 2018: $69.3 billion); consequently, aggregate net income after tax was $24.5 billion. Return on capital (ROC) for the life industry, was 22.6 per cent (Sept 2018 25.9 per cent) (See table 3).
While total assets of general insurance companies climbed by 6.2 per cent from $81.3 billion as at December 2018 to $86.3 billion as at December 31, 2019, combined invested assets declined from $52.1 billion to $51.1 billion. Also shown in Table 2, aggregate total liabilities increased as growth in insurance liabilities was driven by claims while other liabilities increased as payables to reinsurers grew.
Aggregate net premium earned for the twelve-month period ended December 2019 was $21.1 billion, representing a 5.5 per cent increase over the amount recorded in the corresponding period for 2018. Combined net investment income and total other income increased by 17.9 per cent and 16.7 per cent respectively. Hence total revenue for the industry grew to $25.1 billion for the reporting period. (December 2018: $20.0 billion). Total expenses for the general insurance companies rose to $21.1 billion in 2019 from the $19.4 billion in 2018. As a result, total net income before taxes was $4.1 billion. See Table 2. ROC was 11.6 per cent for the reporting period as seen in Table 3.